DRYING CHARACTERISTICS, MINERAL CONTENT, TEXTURE AND SENSORIAL PROPERTIES OF PUMPKIN FRUIT LEATHER

Drying of pumpkin fruit leather

  • Azime Özkan Karabacak Bursa Uludag University
  • Senem Suna
  • Saliha Dorak
  • Ömer Utku Çopur
Keywords: Drying Characteristics, Mineral, Pumpkin Pestil, Texture

Abstract

The objective of this study was to investigate the influences of hot air (HAD: 50, 60, 70°C), vacuum (VD: 50, 60, 70°C at 300 mbar) and microwave methods (MWD: 90, 180W) on drying characteristics, effective moisture diffusivity (Deff), mineral content, texture, and sensorial properties of pumpkin pestils. MWD led to the highest drying rate and the lowest drying time in all methods. Page and Modified Page were ideally fitted to experimental results among seven thin layer drying models. Mineral content (Ca, K, Na, P, Mg, Fe, Zn, Cu, Mn) of the pestils showed higher values than non-dried (paste) mixture. Significant differences were determined between textural features of the pestils (p < 0.05). Furthermore, products dried with HAD and VD were preferred rather than MWD in terms of sensorial properties.

Published
2021-06-27
Section
Heat and Mass Transfer