QUALITY PARAMETERS AND DRYING KINETICS OF ULTRASOUND PRETREATED FERMENTED BLACK TABLE OLIVES
The effect of ultrasound (US) pretreatment on microwave drying parameters including drying rate, moisture ratio and effective diffusivity and quality properties such as total phenolic and color parameters (L*, a*, b*, C, ΔE and H°) of black table olive slices were determinated. 10 minutes ultrasound pretreatment decreased drying time of black table olive slices by 31.81%, 41.37% and 42.85% compared to control samples dryed at 180, 450 and 800 W, respectively. Weibull and Diffusion models could precisely fit the drying behavior of black table olive slices (R2 > 0.9950). Microwave drying had a negative effect on phenolic contents of olives, whereas US pretreatment preserved phenolic compounds and enhanced the color parameters of samples. Higher effective diffusivity (Deff) values were obtained when the drying was combined with US pretreatment. Microwave drying with ultrasound pretreatment could improve drying process, since it accelarated drying rate and preserved the phenolic content and color parameters.
Copyright (c) 2020 Latin American Applied Research - An international journal
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Once a paper is accepted for publication, the author is assumed to have transferred its copyright to the Publisher. The Publisher will not, however, put any limitation on the personal freedom of the author to use material from the paper in other publications. From September 2019 it is required that authors explicitly sign a copyright release form before their paper gets published. The Author Copyright Release form can be found here