DRYING, COLOUR AND REHYDRATION CHARACTERISTICS OF ORANGE SLICES UNDER INFRARED RADIATION HEATING

DRYING OF ORANGE SLICES UNDER INFRARED RADIATION HEATING

Authors

  • Ibrahim Doymaz Department of Chemical Engineering, Yildiz Technical University, 34220 Essenler, Istanbul

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.52292/j.laar.2022.826

Keywords:

Activation energy; effective moisture diffusivity; infrared drying; modelling; orange slices

Abstract

The effect of different infrared (IR) powers on drying of orange slices was investigated in infrared dryer. The orange slices dried at 62, 74 and 88 W infrared powers and constant slice thickness of 6 mm. Results showed that drying, colour and rehydration characteristics of orange slices were greatly influenced by infrared power. The drying data were fitted with five mathematical models available in the literature. Based on the statistical tests applied to make an assessment, the model of Midilli and Kucuk was found to satisfactorily explain drying kinetics of orange slices for all drying conditions. The Fick’s diffusion model was used to calculate the effective moisture diffusivity (Deff) of orange slices. The value of Deff varied from 1.59×10-10 to 2.49×10-10 m2/s. It was found that the effective moisture diffusivities increased with increasing IR power. Activation energy was estimated by a modified Arrhenius type equation as 2.11 kW/kg. As the infrared power increased, the rehydration ratio was found to be reduced. Furthermore, with increase of infrared power, the values of a and DE increased, whereas the values of L, b and C decreased.

Published

2022-01-01